Risks and Opportunities Management System
In the past year our risk management system has proven its worth and effectiveness, also in the face of the
economic constraints resulting from the financial and debt crisis.
While taking account of the opportunities and risks, we comment on expectations on the medium-term
development of the economy and their potential impact on our company in the section on “Significant
Events after the Reporting Date and Forecast
Business activity as defined by the Articles of Incorporation makes risk taking unavoidable in many
instances, as this is frequently a precondition for exploiting opportunities. All risks must, however, be
containable and kept within limits by the management of the company. For our Group, foresighted and
effective risk management is therefore an important and value-creating component of management that
is geared towards safeguarding the company as a going concern, along with capital invested and jobs.
Differentiation between risk and opportunities management
We treat risk and opportunity management separately as a matter of principle. A separate reporting system
maps, tracks and supports the monitoring of risks. By contrast, the recording and communication of
opportunities forms an integral part of the management and controlling system that operates between
our subsidiaries and associated companies and the holding company. The identification, analysis and
implementation of operational opportunities are incumbent on the management of the individual companies.
Goal-oriented measures are devised to reinforce strengths and to tap strategic growth potential
together with the holding of the Group. To this end, the Group has a series of instruments at its disposal,
which are described on page 63 entitled “Management and Control Instruments
All fully consolidated companies in the Steel, Trading and Services division and, in addition, a number of
non-consolidated companies are incorporated on principle into our risk management. Alongside the fully
consolidated companies combined under the Tubes Division, jointly held EUROPIPE GmbH (EP) and its subsidiaries
have been integrated in accordance with Salzgitter AG’s guidelines. In 2011, the risk management
conducted in the companies of the KHS Group as well as Klöckner DESMA Elastomertechnik GmbH (KDE)
and Klöckner DESMA Schuhmaschinen GmbH (KDS), forming part of the Technology Division, was replaced
by the system practiced at Salzgitter AG. RSE Grundbesitz und Beteiligungs-Aktiengesellschaft (RSE) had
already been integrated into our risk management at an earlier date.
Qualified top-down rules to complement decentralized activities
Our subsidiaries and associated companies apply the risk management system autonomously. It is the
task of the management holding to put guidelines in place that constitute the basis on which a uniform
and adequate consideration and communication of risks can be ensured throughout the Group. We convey
the concept to the companies through the guidelines. These guidelines lay down the principles through
which we harmonize groupwide risk inventories and ensure the informative value for our Group. We will
continue to develop our risk management system in line with the requirements on an ongoing basis.
Methodology and reports
We include risks as an integral part of our intra-year forecasting, medium-term planning and strategy discussions.
With the aim of avoiding potential risks, as well as controlling, managing and mastering them
and taking preventive measures, we have defined a set of different procedures, rules, regulations and
tools. As a result of the high degree of transparency achieved with regard to developments that involve
risk, we are able to take appropriate countermeasures and implement them in a targeted manner at an
At Salzgitter AG there is a clear demarcation between risk management and controlling that complement
one another. Actual risks can therefore be handled either through the medium of controlling (for example,
by way of provisioning), or through the risk management system (by taking action to overcome the risk),
or by using both approaches.
We use our groupwide reporting system to ensure that management is provided with the necessary and
pertinent information. The Group companies report on the risk situation in monthly controlling reports
or ad hoc directly to the Executive Board. Almost all companies subject to reporting requirements use the
Group database specially developed to facilitate the effective handling of data. We analyze and assess the
risks at Group level, monitor them punctiliously, allocate them to risk categories and align them to our
overall business situation.
For its part, the Executive Board reports to the Supervisory Board on the risk position of the Group as well
as – where appropriate – on the status of individual risks. The Supervisory Board has formed an Audit Committee
that is tasked with addressing issues relating to risk management in its regular meetings.
A distinction is drawn between improbable and probable risks determined by the likelihood of their occurrence.
Improbable risks are events that, after careful commercial, technical and legal consideration of the
circumstances, are deemed unlikely to occur. The conditions that must be fulfilled for this judgment to
stand are documented, periodically examined and updated if necessary. It is the task of controlling and
internal auditing at Salzgitter AG to monitor observance of the criteria established. In the case of probable
risks, loss accruing to the company from an undesirable event can no longer be ruled out. We document
the quantitative extent of the calculated loss or damage in the light of all influencing factors in order to
track and assess the risks.
Derivation of net loss from gross loss
In the derivation of net loss from gross loss we take account of all measures to contain loss. Provisions and
impairments are handled by our Controlling, and the gross loss is reduced accordingly, a measure to which
we make specific reference in our risk documentation.
With regard to the extent of loss or damage, we distinguish between major risks in excess of a gross
amount of at least € 25 million and other risks involving loss or damage of less than a gross amount of
€ 25 million.
Risks are recorded in the internal planning and controlling system of the respective companies and communicated
to the Group in accordance with the specific company reporting thresholds.
It is evident that, even if a number of major risks in a magnitude of € 25 million were to occur simultaneously,
the Group would not be endangered as a going concern.
Measures to overcome risk
Measures that would need to be taken for the evaluation and overcoming of each respective risk are documented
and reported on.